An esterase is a hydrolase enzyme that splits esters into an acid and an alcohol in a chemical reaction with water called hydrolysis.
A wide range of different esterases exist that differ in their substrate specificity, their protein structure, and their biological function.
EC classification/list of enzymes
- EC 3.1.3:
Phosphoric monoester hydrolases
- Phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.x), hydrolyses phosphoric acid monoesters into a phosphate ion and an alcohol
- Fructose bisphosphatase (188.8.131.52), converts fructose-1,6-bisphosphate to fructose-6-phosphate in gluconeogenesis
- EC 3.1.4: Phosphoric diester hydrolases
- EC 3.1.5: Triphosphoric monoester hydrolases
- EC 3.1.7: Diphosphoric monoester hydrolases
- EC 3.1.8: Phosphoric triester hydrolases
esterase in German: Esterase
esterase in Polish: Esterazy
esterase in Russian: Эстераза
esterase in Chinese: 酯酶